Tony Rolt, MC and Bar
A Life in the Fast Lane
One of the great characters of the motor racing scene during the 1950s had a distinguished war record and close ties with Jaguar Cars.
Major Anthony Peter Roylance Tony Rolt, MC and Bar, was born on 16 October 1918 at Bordon in Hampshire and brought up at St Asaph in Wales. He was educated at Eton, where he got into trouble for keeping a car, then went to Sandhurst before being commissioned into the Rifle Brigade.
By the late 1930s Rolt was already making his mark in motor racing, having made his debut in 1936, when he shared a Triumph Southern Cross with Jack Elliott in the Belgian Spa 24-Hours. He drove there because he had just lost his British driving licence for speeding in Denbigh High Street. Still aged 19, Rolt raced an 8-cylinder Triumph Dolomite before acquiring the ERA Remus from the Old Etonian Siamese Princes Chula and Birabongse (the latter better known as Prince Bira and a Jaguar driver).
Tony Rolt took two first and two second places in the Coronation Trophy races at Donington Park; a second at Crystal Palace; and another at Phoenix Park, Dublin. However, his army commitments limited his racing and he sold a half-share in the ERA to St John Jock Horsfall.
During World War Two, Rolt was a lieutenant in the Rifle Brigade and in 1940 was awarded the Military Cross during the defence of Calais. He was then taken prisoner of war following the fall of France, and after persistent escape attempts was sent to Oflag IV-C in Colditz Castle, where he was involved in the audacious glider escape plan with the late Bill Goldfinch. For his determined escape attempts, Rolt was awarded a Bar to his Military Cross.
After the war Rolt resigned his commission with the rank of Major, to pursue a career as a racing driver. On 14 July 1945, Rolt and Horsfall shared their ERA in British motor sport’s re-emergence at Cockfosters. In 1946 he won the Brussels Bois de la Cambre in an Aston Martin. He also drove an Alfa Romeo ‘Bi-Motore’, an ERA-Delage and a Nash-Healey. In 1950, he shared the 4th place Nash-Healey at the Le Mans 24-Hour race with the extrovert, Duncan Hamilton.
Rolt also took part in the 1950, 1953 and 1955 British Grands Prix, all of which ended in retirement. The 1950 GP which was the first of the Formula One Championship saw him start 10th on the grid, only managing to complete four laps before the gearbox of his ERA E Type 6 failed. In 1953, driving Rob Walker’s 2-litre Connaught A Type 4, his half shaft let go after 70 laps. Again he started 10th on the grid. His final Formula 1 outing was in 1955, again driving a Rob Walker Connaught, this time a 2.5 litre B Type 4, and as in 1950 sharing the car with Peter Walker. This time they started 14th on the grid only to be let down by the throttle after 18 laps.
However, Rolt drove with great success in many national events with Rob Walker’s Delage in 1951 and, in his only HWM drive, taking second place in the 1952 International Trophy behind team-mate Lance Macklin. Between 1953 and 1955 he drove Rob Walker’s Connaught to numerous victories in Formula Two, Libre and handicap races.
Jaguar Works Driver
The Jaguar stable won the Le Mans 24 Hours in 1951 with their new C-type driven by Peter Walker and Peter Whitehead, while Rolt had achieved 6th place again with Hamilton in the Nash-Healey. This led Jaguar to offer him the position of reserve driver for the Dundrod race in Ireland. When the works driver retired feeling ill halfway through, Rolt took over to break the lap record and finish fourth, winning him a permanent place in the Jaguar team in 1952. The following year, 1953, he paired again with Duncan Hamilton and won the Le Mans 24-hour race in the disc brake equipped, works C-Type. At one point during the race his car and he were hit by a bird, believed to be a pigeon, which broke the glass aero-screen in front of him and continued on hitting him in the face. In 1954 the same two drivers took second place at Le Mans and in the Reims 12 Hours driving Hamilton’s private entry Jaguar D-Type. Throughout his time driving for Jaguar everyone in the team referred to him as ‘The Major’ rather by name.
Race Results- Jaguar Related
Car / Co-driver
Entrant / Team
|1949||26 June||Le Mans 24 hours – Rolt’s first Le Mans||DNF||Delahaye 135cS with Jason Henry||R. R. C. Walker|
|1950||25 June||Le Mans 24 hours – Rolt’s first race with Duncan Hamilton||4th||Nash-Healey Silverstone with Duncan Hamilton||Healey Motors Ltd|
|26 August||Silverstone International||2nd||Jaguar XK120||Nick Haines|
|1951||15 September||Tourist Trophy, Dundrod, Northern Ireland||4th||Jaguar C-type XKC001 with Leslie Johnson||Jaguar Cars Ltd|
|1952||10 May||Silverstone International||7th||Jaguar C-type XKC001 with Peter Walker||W. Lyons|
|15 June||Le Mans 24 hours||DNF||Jaguar C-type XKC001 with Duncan Hamilton||Jaguar Cars Ltd|
|16 August||Goodwood 9 hours||DNF||Jaguar C-type XKC001 with Duncan Hamilton||W. Lyons|
|27 September||Goodwood International||4th||Jaguar C-type||W. Lyons|
|1953||26 April||Mille Miglia, Italy||DNF||Jaguar C-type with Len Hayden||Bill Cannell|
|9 May||Silverstone International||26th||Jaguar C-type||Jaguar Cars Ltd|
|14 June||Le Mans 24 hours||1st||Jaguar C-type XKC051 with Duncan Hamilton||Jaguar Cars Ltd|
|18 July||Silverstone – British Grand Prix||DNF||Jaguar C-type XKC051||Duncan Hamilton|
|22 August||Goodwood 9 hours||DNF||Jaguar C-type with Duncan Hamilton||W. Lyons|
|5 September||Tourist Trophy||DNF||Jaguar C-type XKC051 with Duncan Hamilton||Jaguar Cars Ltd|
|1954||10 April||British Empire Trophy, Oulton Park||5th||Jaguar C-type XKC051||Ecurie Ecosse|
|19 April||Goodwood Easter||2nd||Jaguar C-type XKC051||Ecurie Ecosse|
|8 May||Le Mans test||Jaguar D-type XKC402||Jaguar Cars Ltd|
|16 June||Le Mans 24 hours||2nd||Jaguar D-type XKC402 with Duncan Hamilton||Jaguar Cars Ltd|
|4 July||Reims 12 Hours||2nd||Jaguar D-type XKC402 with Duncan Hamilton||Jaguar Cars Ltd|
|17 July||Silverstone British Grand Prix||10th||Jaguar D-type||Ecurie Ecosse|
|11 September||Tourist Trophy, Dundrod, Northern Ireland||DNF||Jaguar D-type XKC402 with Duncan Hamilton||Jaguar Cars Ltd|
|1955||12 April||Goodwood Easter||4th||Jaguar C-type||Ecurie Ecosse|
|7 May||Silverstone International||3rd||Jaguar D-type||Jaguar Cars Ltd|
|12 June||Le Mans 24 hours||DNF||Jaguar D-type XKD506 with Duncan Hamilton||Jaguar Cars Ltd|
|20 August||Goodwood 9 hours||DNF||Jaguar D-type with Duncan Hamilton||Duncan Hamilton|
Life After Racing
Rolt retired from racing in 1955 and joined Harry Ferguson Research Ltd. He was involved in the development of early four-wheel drive systems for racing cars and sports cars such as the Jensen FF. Rolt designed a four-wheel drive Grand Prix car in 1961, known as Project 99. Designed primarily as a high-speed research vehicle and powered by a front-mounted 4-cylinder 1.5 litre Coventry Climax engine, it was driven to victory in a wet International Gold Cup race at Oulton Park by Stirling Moss who also drove in the 1961 British Grand Prix at Aintree after his Lotus’s brakes failed. In the event the Rob Walker-entered P99 was black-flagged for a push-start.
Although long retired from competitive motor racing, Rolt was occasionally persuaded to attend historic motor races. In 1976, British Leyland invited him to the classic Californian road circuit at Laguna Seca to drive a few demonstration laps in the ex-works Jaguar D-type OKV 3, wearing his 1950s era helmet.
In 1971, Rolt formed his own company FF Developments at Coventry. His son, Stuart, later became the Chief Executive of the company which designed and developed the AWD system used on the Jaguar XJ220 supercar prototype that was shown for the first time at the 1988 British International in partnership with FF.
Rolt shunned publicity, whether about the war or motor racing and he avoided Colditz reunions; once saying “Escaping was not a game. Nor was it fun. It was a duty.”
He died on 6 February 2008, aged 89, his wife Lois and one daughter predeceased him; two sons and another daughter survive him.
Author: François Prins
Race results from www.RacingSportsCars.com
© Text and Images – Jaguar Daimler Heritage Trust
Sources and Further Reading:
Sainty, Peter J, An Artist at the Game (Peter J Sainty, 2011)
Parker, Chas and Porter, Philip, Jaguar C-Type: The Autobiography of XKC 051 (Porter Press International Ltd, 2017)
Grimsdale, Peter, High Performance: When Britain Ruled the Roads (Simon & Schuster UK, 2020)
Lord Montagu of Beaulieu and foreword by HRH Prince Michael of Kent, Jaguar (Quiller Press, 1997)
Mennem, Patrick, Jaguar: An Illustrated History (The Crowood Press Ltd, 1991)
Parker, Chas, Jaguar D-Type: Owners’ Workshop Manual – 1954 Onwards (All Models) (Haynes Publishing, 2017)
Whyte, Andrew, Jaguar: The Definitive History of a Great British Car (Patrick Stephens Limited, 1990)
Porter, Philip, Jaguar: E-Type The Definitive History (Porter Press International, 2015)
Berry, Robert, Jaguar: Motor Racing and the Manufacturer (Distributed by E.P. Dutton, 1978)
Porter, Philip, Jaguar: Sports Racing Cars (Bay View Books, 1995)
Clausager, Anders Ditlev, Le Mans (Littlehampton Book Services Ltd, 1982)
Skilleter, Paul, Norman Dewis of Jaguar: Developing the Legend (PJ Publishing Ltd, 2017)
Porter, Philip and Skilleter, Paul, Sir William Lyons: The Official Biography (Haynes Publishing, 2001)
Porter, Philip, Stirling Moss: The Definitive Biography – Volume 1 (Porter Press International, 2016)
Bingham, Phillip, The All-American Hero and Jaguar’s Racing E-types (Porter Press International, 2020)
Porter, Philip, The Most Famous Car in the World: The Story of the First E-type Jaguar (Cassell, 2000)
Wilson, Peter D., XJ13: The Definitive Story of the Jaguar Le Mans Car and the V12 Engine That Powered It (PJ Publishing, 2011)